December 16, 2014

Burmese Students Wins WPI 2014 Dota 2 Tournament

Some people getting really serious about it. Think about it! Dota 2 can be a line of sport. Chess is only one same board, dota is one same map. To win Dota 2 game, we really need individuals to play perfect, and team work, and very good team fight, and luck! With this slow internet, i am writing this post while loading the video (it should be last game of final). hope it is a good game.
Watch live video from wpigdc on Twitch

October 05, 2014

Aung Mingalar Restaurant Yangon

This place open early for breakfast. My favorite is the shan noodle, chicken, dry (no soup). If you want to try: say this: shan kautswe (shan noodle), kyat thar (chicken), a thaut (dry).

They have various types of noodles.
Must try the tohu kyaw (fried tofu), and the speciality tofu noodle (second image - the menu: most bottom picture).
The dumpling is also good.

Aung Mingalar, Yangon. I dont know the street name.
Same street as BEHS Dagon 1.

Aung Mingalar Menu

Aung Mingalar Menu

Aung Mingalar


KR,


Shaolin Soccer (2001) and Kung Fu Hustle (2004)

Where is Stephen Chow?

His movies are great! So funny. I missed my childhood...

Shaolin Soccer (2001)

Kung Fu Hustle (2004)


Download torrent here:
Kung Fu Hustle (2004): http://yts.re/movie/Kung_Fu_Hustle_2004
KR,

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September 14, 2014

Dota 2: Alienware versus Mac Air Retina

Just for fun..
Of course the winner is Alienware.

I played Dota 2 on Mac for the first time yesterday.
Here is my complaint list about playing Dota 2 on Mac:
The graphic lag is horrible.
Well, the graphic is horrible.
My mouse all of sudden go to the corner, and stucked there for about 3 second.
For sure cannot last hit, cannot war, so just get bkb and let it be..
I played with Barathum, can only charge, and mouse run away to the top corner (i could only see the edge of the map: the forest), and meanwhile tried so hard to click bkb...
Lucky i won. lol..
That's enough.. no more dota 2 on mac..

September 13, 2014

Open Dota 2 Full Screen on Mac

My first question when I finished the painful download of more than 6 GB + keep updating Dota 2 (Now finally have time for dota 2; so the question becomes real):
"How to play full screen Dota 2 on Mac?".
(Update 14Sep14: Read my review about playing dota on Mac here)

Here is the trick:
1. Go to your steam > "Library"
2. See "Dota 2" > "Properties"
3. Under "General" there is a box "SET LAUNCH OPTION..."
4. Put "-fullscreen" > click Close.
5. Re-open your Dota 2.

There you go.. Have fun and Good luck!

Source:
http://dota2.gamepedia.com/Launch_Options


KR,
+liveinrangoon
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August 27, 2014

How to fix a broken iPhone lock (sleep/wake) button

The lock (sleep/wake) button is located on the top of your iPhone 5.

When it started to not working, it does frustrate me; but not to the point to sue Apple like some people did. Apparently, this issue has been carried away from iPhone 4 to 5.

iPhone 5 Sleep/Wake Button Replacement Program
"Apple has determined that the sleep/wake button mechanism on a small percentage of iPhone 5 models may stop working or work intermittently. iPhone 5 models manufactured through March 2013 may be affected by this issue. Apple will replace the sleep/wake button mechanism, free of charge, on iPhone 5 models that exhibit this issue and have a qualifying serial number."
Check your phone eligibility here - you can also find out where you can get your iPhone replaced.

The broken lock button cannot be fixed, unless you want to try to crack open your iPhone. However you can have a 'reroute' to get your iPhone locked / turned off: with AssistiveTouch.
  • Turn on AssistiveTouch: Setting > General > Accessibility > AssistiveTouch On. 
  • There should be a grey circle/box that you can move everywhere you want.
  • To lock your iPhone: click on the AssistiveTouch > Device > Lock Screen.
  • To take screenshot: click on the AssistiveTouch > Device > More > Screenshot.
  • To turn off your iPhone: click on the AssistiveTouch > Device > Hold on the Lock Screen until “slide to power off” appears.
  • To turn on your iPhone: plug your iPhone to the charger.
AssistiveTouch
AssistiveTouch


More:
How to restart your iPhone without lock button

KR,
+liveinrangoon
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July 29, 2014

How to Get Pinyin out of Chinese Char & Write Pinyin Tone Mark on Mac

My OS X 10.9.4 (13E28).

Here are 2 different items I am going to cover:
I. How to show the pinyin out of your chinese character (automatic by mac).
II. How to get your pinyin tone when you are typing pinyin.


I. How to show the pinyin out of your chinese character

1. Example: we are in Mac Keynote
2. Choose your Keyboard > Input Sources is Pinyin
choose keyboard

3. Type the chinese character
Type the chinese character

4. Block the words you want to get pinyin. Go to Format > Phonetic Guide Text
Phonetic Guide Text

5. Choose the pinyin
Choose the pinyin

Now you have pinyin on top of your Chinese character
pinyin on top of your Chinese character



II. How to get your pinyin tone when you are typing pinyin

1. System Preferences > Keyboard > Input Sources > + > English > [right pane] U.S. Extended > Add

Add input sources keyboard mac

2. Choosing keyboard from menu bar

Choose keyboard

3. How to create the pinyin tone

First tone: Press option + a and then a, e, i, o, u, or v to create ā, ē, ī, ō, ū, or ǖ.
Second tone: Press option + e and then a, e, i, o, u, or v to create á, é, í, ó, ú, or ǘ.
Third tone: Press option + v and then a, e, i, o, u, or v to create ǎ, ě, ǐ, ǒ, ǔ, or ǚ.
Fourth tone: Press option + ` and then a, e, i, o, u, or v to create à, è, ì, ò, ù, or ǜ.
The vowel ü with no tone: Press option + u and then u to create ü.

Source

More Mac Keyboard shortcut
Mac
Forlang

***
We created website http://www.bamalearnburmese.com/ to learn Burmese from 0. It will include basic Burmese Script, audio, exercise, common phrases, mini dictionary, flash card app (click HERE to download the free offline Android app) and other mobile apps (coming soon). We will add new content and audio, so stay tuned!
Please send feedback / just say hi: hello@bamalearnburmese.com.

KR,
+liveinrangoon
LiveinRangoon Blog Table of Content
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July 27, 2014

Restaurants in Yangon

There are a lot of coffee shops around Yangon. But for those who are not used to eat here, try to taste it just a bit once, and wait to see how your body can handle it.
It is recommended to take the Hepatitis B shot before travelling here for a some time (that you are going to try various local food). You can take it in your home country or in Yangon. I took it in Yangon, have to take it 3x (once every 1 month, each shot about USD 11) in 30th Street Clinic. There are also some other clinics though.

Coffee shops opens early 6.30 or even earlier, the shops normally selling traditional Burmese food or Indian food. Restaurants normally open 10a to 10p, some have 'rest time' 2p-5p, some open until very late.
Other than Burmese food restaurants, there are quite a number of Chinese food restaurants, Thai food restaurants, Japanese food restaurants, Korean food restaurants, also 'Italy' food restaurants and western food restaurants; other country specific food such as Mexican food, Turki food, Indonesian food, Vietnam food, Malaysian food, and Indian food are, can I say, not very common.

Here are my favourites:
Some websites for reference:
Other reference:
  • http://myanmarjapon.com/
  • http://www.urbanspoon.com/
  • http://www.yelp.com/
  • http://www.tripadvisor.com/
  • http://www.foursquare.com/
  • http://www.myanmaryellowpages.biz/ find restaurants
  • http://www.yangon-directory.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=160&Itemid=697
  • http://www.lonelyplanet.com/asia/travel-tips-and-articles/77618
  • http://www.sbs.com.au/food/cuisine/burmese

KR,
+liveinrangoon
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*Last update: 25 Nov 14

July 26, 2014

Song: 我相信

Another song from my Chinese class:

我相信

我相信我就是我, 我相信明天 ~~




Source

Lyric
想飞上天和太阳肩并肩,世界等着我去改变
想做的梦从不怕别人看见,在这里我都能实现
大声欢笑让你我肩并肩,何处不能欢乐无限
抛开烦恼勇敢的大步向前,我就站在舞台中间

我相信我就是我,我相信明天
我相信青春没有地平线
在日落的海边,在热闹的大街
都是我心中最美的乐园

我相信自由自在,我相信希望
我相信伸手就能碰到天
有你在我身边,让生活更新鲜
每一刻都精采万分
I do believe

想飞上天和太阳肩并肩,世界等着我去改变
抛开烦恼勇敢的大步向前,我就站在舞台中间

我相信我就是我,我相信明天
我相信青春没有地平线
在日落的海边,在热闹的大街
都是我心中最美的乐园

我相信自由自在,我相信希望
我相信伸手就能碰到天
有你在我身边,让生活更新鲜
每一刻都精采万分
I do believe
oh ~~~
ah ~~~

Pinyin
Xiǎng fēi shàngtiān hé tàiyáng jiān bìngjiān, shìjiè děngzhe wǒ qù gǎibiàn
xiǎng zuò de mèng cóng bùpà biérén kànjiàn, zài zhèlǐ wǒ dū néng shíxiàn
dàshēng huānxiào ràng nǐ wǒ jiān bìngjiān, hé chù bùnéng huānlè wúxiàn
pāo kāi fánnǎo yǒnggǎn de dà bù xiàng qián, wǒ jiù zhàn zài wǔtái zhōngjiān

wǒ xiāngxìn wǒ jiùshì wǒ, wǒ xiāngxìn míngtiān
wǒ xiāngxìn qīngchūn méiyǒu dìpíngxiàn
zài rìluò dì hǎibiān, zài rènào de dàjiē
dōu shì wǒ xīnzhōng zuìměi de lèyuán

wǒ xiāngxìn zìyóu zìzài, wǒ xiāngxìn xīwàng
wǒ xiāngxìn shēnshǒu jiù néng pèng dào tiān
yǒu nǐ zài wǒ shēnbiān, ràng shēnghuó gēng xīnxiān
měi yīkè dōu jīngcǎi wànfēn
I do believe

xiǎng fēi shàngtiān hé tàiyáng jiān bìngjiān, shìjiè děngzhe wǒ qù gǎibiàn
pāo kāi fánnǎo yǒnggǎn de dà bù xiàng qián, wǒ jiù zhàn zài wǔtái zhōngjiān

wǒ xiāngxìn wǒ jiùshì wǒ, wǒ xiāngxìn míngtiān
wǒ xiāngxìn qīngchūn méiyǒu dìpíngxiàn
zài rìluò dì hǎibiān, zài rènào de dàjiē
dōu shì wǒ xīnzhōng zuìměi de lèyuán

wǒ xiāngxìn zìyóu zìzài, wǒ xiāngxìn xīwàng
wǒ xiāngxìn shēnshǒu jiù néng pèng dào tiān
yǒu nǐ zài wǒ shēnbiān, ràng shēnghuó gēng xīnxiān
měi yīkè dōu jīngcǎi wànfēn
I do believe
oh ~~~
ah ~~~

Translation
I want to fly up to the sky shoulder to shoulder with the sun, the world is waiting for me to change it
the dreams i want to dream, i never fear that other people will see them
I can realize all of them here
Joyfully laugh out loud, let's be shoulder next to shoulder, where can't be full of unlimited joy
Throw away worries and troubles, bravely march forward with big steps

I believe that I am who i am, i believe in tomorrow,
i believe youth has no horizon,
at the sunset seaside, in the bustling big streets,
all are the most beautiful merry land of my heart,

i believe in freedom and carefree, i believe in hope,
i believe that if i stretch my hands then i will be able to touch the sky,
having you by my side, let life become more fresh,
every moment all is extremely exciting
I do believe

KR,
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July 21, 2014

Typing Complex Burmese Script on Mac with UNICODE

Halo,

Please notice the terms: encoding, font and keyboard. UNICODE is an encoding, Myanmar Census is a font. I will use UNICODE fonts just to simplify the story.

Contents:
  1. Preface
  2. Getting UNICODE Burmese font and keyboard on Mac OS X.
  3. Typing complex UNICODE Burmese script.
  4. UNICODE Burmese keyboard map on Mac OS X.


1) Preface
  1. There are 2 well-known Burmese fonts / encodings: Zawgyi and UNICODE. Locals used to use Zawgyi, but more and more people move to UNICODE. It is recommended to use UNICODE.
  2. If a person is writing with UNICODE and your device is installed with Zawgyi, generally, you are unable to read the text (the scripts might be wrong, or some dotted circle appears).
  3. UNICODE has several fonts, such as "Myanmar3" and "Myanmar Census" (recommended).
  4. In most cases, if your friends have documents with "Zawgyi" while you use UNICODE, you still can read it by opening the file, select all text, and change the font to "Zawgyi" (you will need to install Zawgyi font first).
  5. You can find more notes and keyboard layout on John Okell's "Burmese fonts guide 2016" Using Burmese fonts on a computer.





2) Steps to get UNICODE Burmese font and keyboard on Mac OS X
  1. Adding from "System Preferences" > "Keyboard" > "Input Sources" > find "Myanmar - QWERTY"
  2. Make sure to check the "Show Input menu in menu bar" box
  3. When you want to use, choose the Myanmar keyboard from the menu bar
System Preferences
Add keyboard Mac


Choose the keyboard
Choose keyboard Mac


3) Typing complex UNICODE Burmese script (option 1 = simple way) * (thanks to Stephen Spurlock's comment!)
  1. Choose keyboard "Myanmar QWERTY"
  2. To get က္လ [see Image 2.2]: press your keyboard on "k" and then "f" and then "l". 
3) Typing complex UNICODE Burmese script (option 2)
  1. Make sure you have "Unicode Hex Input" keyboard added.
  2. When you want to use it, hold "Option" on your keyboard, and type the number. For example you want to type က (1000) [see Image 2.1]: hold "Option", press "1", "0", "0", "0".
  3. To get stacked consonant:
    (1) type the 'main' consonant, (2) hold " Option", press "1","0","3","9", (3) type the consonant at the bottom.
  4. To get က္လ [see Image 2.2]:
    (1) hold " Option", press 1000, (2) hold " Option", press 1039, (3) hold " Option", press 101C.
  5. You can download the list of unicode from these urls: Unicode U1000, and Myanmar uni v2
Image 2.1
Image 2.2


4) UNICODE Burmese keyboard map on Mac OS X (I map it myself but got the template from Apple Support)






Note:
To get င်္, for example for တနဂင်္နွေနေ့, instead of using SHIFT+z
type တနင် first + press f to get the င် up, then add  = t + n + z + q + f + g
(12 Jun 2018)


Reference:
1. John Okell's "Burmese fonts guide 2016" Using Burmese fonts on a computer
2. Writing with unicode on mac
3. Burmese Keyboard Layout
4. mingalapar forum: how-to-install-myanmar-zawgyi-font-on-mac-os

List of Unicode:
1. http://www.utf8-chartable.de/unicode-utf8-table.pl?start=4096&number=128&utf8=string-literal
2. http://unicode.org/charts/PDF/U1000.pdf
3. http://unicode.org/notes/tn11/myanmar_uni-v2.pdf

Last modified: 05 Dec 2016





***
We created website http://www.bamalearnburmese.com/ to learn Burmese from 0. It will include basic Burmese Script, audio, exercise, common phrases, mini dictionary, flash card app (click HERE to download the free offline Android app) and other mobile apps (coming soon). We will add new content and audio, so stay tuned!
Find BBE and other Burmese Flashcard on https://quizlet.com/BAMALearnBurmese
Please send feedback / just say hi: hello@bamalearnburmese.com.

KR,
+liveinrangoon
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July 18, 2014

Reading and Writing Burmese Script on Windows Computers

Halo,

Please note that they are not "font and keyboard", the correct term is "encoding"; though I still use font and keyboard because I think it is easier for me to understand.

Contents:
  1. Preface
  2. Reading Burmese script on Windows.
  3. Writing UNICODE Burmese script on Windows.
  4. Writing Zawgyi Burmese script on Windows.
  5. Burmese keyboard map on Windows  (I map it myself but got the template from Google)

1) Preface
  1. There are 2 well-known Burmese fonts (encodings): Zawgyi and UNICODE. Locals used to use Zawgyi, but more and more people move to UNICODE. It is recommended to use UNICODE.
  2. If a person is writing with UNICODE and your device is installed with Zawgyi, generally, you are unable to read the text (the scripts might be wrong, or some dotted circle appears).
  3. UNICODE has several fonts, such as "Padauk", "Myanmar3" and "Myanmar Census" (recommended).
  4. In most cases, if your friends have documents with "Zawgyi" while you use UNICODE, you still can read it by opening the file, select all text, and change the font to "Zawgyi". See below "Reading Burmese script on Windows."
2) Reading Burmese script on Windows
  1. It is ok to download all the fonts (encoding) (1) UNICODE "Myanmar Census" and other fonts https://github.com/khzaw/awesome-myanmar-unicode(it used to be somewhere here, but it expired i guess); (2) Zawgyi https://code.google.com/archive/p/zawgyi-keyboard/downloads.
  2. after finish download, double click on the .ttf file and click "Install",
  3. open the file on Microsoft Word,
  4. select all words (ctrl+a),
  5. ask the file owner which font he is using, change font respectively: to UNICODE "Myanmar Census" OR "Zawgyi".
You should be able to read it now.


3) Writing UNICODE Burmese script on Windows

(Here is for MAC)
  1. Click the "Language preferences" on right bottom corner,
  2. "Add a language",
  3. Find and click on "Burmese".
  4. When you are going to type with Burmese, click on the "ENG" and choose Burmese; don't forget to choose the UNICODE font on the font options (see above picture on section "2) Reading Burmese script on Windows")
  5. Now you can type မင်္ဂလာပါ => r + i + f + F + : + v + m + y + g 
4) Writing Zawgyi Burmese script on Windows
  1. Go to Google Code zawgyi-keyboard
  2. Download and install the zip file
  3. On any box where you want to type your Burmese script (browser, Microsoft Office, etc); press "Shift" and "Ctrl" at the same time to change from normal keyboard to Zawgi (vise in versa)
  4. Find the Keyboard map on the bottom of this post

5a) Windows UNICODE Burmese keyboard map (I map it myself but got the template from Apple Support)








5b) Keyboard option 2: Zawqyi Keyboard LayoutI have tried it, but not very accurate.

Zawgyi_Keyboard_Layout_2009


Last modified: 22 July 2016


***
We created website http://www.bamalearnburmese.com/ to learn Burmese from 0. It will include basic Burmese Script, audio, exercise, common phrases, mini dictionary, flash card app (click HERE to download the free offline Android app). We will add new content and audio, so stay tuned!
Please send feedback / just say hi: hello@bamalearnburmese.com.

KR,
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July 06, 2014

Poem: 九月九日憶山東兄弟 by 王維

王維: 九月九日憶山東兄弟

獨在異鄉為異客
每逢佳節倍思親
遙知兄弟登高處
遍插茱萸少一人

Pinyin
Wángwéi: Jiǔ yuè jiǔ rì yì shāndōng xiōngdì

dú zài yìxiāng wèi yì kè
měi féng jiājié bèi sī qīn
yáo zhī xiōngdì dēnggāo chù
biàn chā zhūyú shǎo yīrén

Translation
Wang Wei (701-761): Thinking of My Brothers East of the Mountains on the Ninth Day of the Ninth Moon

All alone in a strange land, a lonely stranger am I;
Thoughts of my kindred redouble on every festive day.
From afar I know, o brothers, where in the hills we’d be,
Each wearing a spray of dogwood (flower), all but the one away.

Description
One of the routine in our Chinese class is to recite the poem. It is amazing how the kids can recite it like singing.
Today the poem is by Wang Wei (701-761).
Basically it said that being in a foreign land, there will be times when we miss your brothers back home - especially during festivals when people normally gathers (while now you are alone, in a foreign land).

Source
book: 汉语6 北京华文学院编
http://zh.wikisource.org/wiki/Author:王維
Pinyin by Google Translate
Translation by Andrew W.F. Wong 黃宏發


KR,
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June 28, 2014

Song: 云中的Angel

Another song from my chinese class.

张杰 - 云中的Angel



Original Lyric
in the arms of the angel fly away...
小时候总爱抬头 看白云朵朵
哼着我最爱的angel
天上白云一朵朵 都住着angel
为每个相信童话的孩子 守候

我最爱的那首歌 最爱的angel
我到什么时候 才能遇见我的angel
我最爱的那首歌 最爱的angel
我不是王子 也会拥有我的angel

每次受伤的时候 天上的angel
会默默地为我流泪
每下一场小雨 都像一个angel
陪伤心的人等着阳光 出现时候

我最爱的那首歌 最爱的angel
我到什么时候 才能遇见我的angel
我最爱的那首歌 最爱的angel
我不是王子 也会拥有我的angel

当你学会勇敢就会遇见你的angel

Pinyin

in the arms of the angel fly away...
Xiǎoshíhòu zǒng ài táitóu kàn báiyún duǒ duǒ
hēngzhe wǒ zuì ài de angel
tiānshàng báiyún yī duǒ duǒ dōu zhùzhe angel
wèi měi gè xiāngxìn tónghuà de háizi shǒuhòu

wǒ zuì ài dì nà shǒu gē zuì ài de angel
wǒ dào shénme shíhòu cáinéng yùjiàn wǒ de angel
wǒ zuì ài dì nà shǒu gē zuì ài de angel
wǒ bùshì wángzǐ yě huì yǒngyǒu wǒ de angel

měi cì shòushāng de shíhòu tiānshàng de angel
huì mòmò dì wéi wǒ liúlèi
měi xià yī chǎng xiǎoyǔ dōu xiàng yīgè angel
péi shāngxīn de rén děngzhe yángguāng chūxiàn shíhòu

wǒ zuì ài dì nà shǒu gē zuì ài de angel
wǒ dào shénme shíhòu cáinéng yùjiàn wǒ de angel
wǒ zuì ài dì nà shǒu gē zuì ài de angel
wǒ bùshì wángzǐ yě huì yǒngyǒu wǒ de angel

dāng nǐ xuéhuì yǒnggǎn jiù huì yùjiàn nǐ de angel


Translation
Zhang Jie - Angel in the Clouds 
in the arms of the angel fly away ... 
Child love to look up white clouds 
Humming my favorite angel 
A blossoming clouds of heaven have lived angel 
Waiting for each of the children believe in fairy tales 

My favorite song favorite angel 
When I went to meet my angel 
My favorite song favorite angel 
I am not a prince but can also have angel

When injured, the angel would silently cry for me 
When rain, the angel will accompany sad people waiting for the sun appears 

My favorite song favorite angel 
When I went to meet my angel 
My favorite song favorite angel 
I am not a prince but can also have angel

When you learn to be brave, you will meet your angel


Source:
Original lyric: http://www.downloadchinese.com/lyrics/yun-zhong-de-angel-lyrics-zhang-jie.html, updated by me
Pinyin from Google Translate
Translation by Google Translate and me

Review: Sabai @ DMZ Restaurant

Location: Kabar Aye Pagoda Road --> there is a gate to enter an area including a Ferris wheel. Close to Inya Lake

Decor: 8 of 10
There is inside building tables and outside that is just beside the lake (small lake).

Ambiance & Music: 7.5 of 10
Quite a big space and when we visited, not too many people.

Service: 8.5 or 10
The staffs are very friendly and helpful.

Clean, Clear and Hygiene: 8.5 of 10

Taste: 8 of 10
I really like the crispy fish with the sauce. But i like it more compact, guess you need to specifically ask them to do so.
Crispy fish

I also like the pork neck.
Pork neck

The other food is not very ok for me, some a bit too spicy, some too salty.
Tofu

Shrimp

Lake view @Sabai Restaurant

Sabai @ DMZ Restaurant menu

Sabai @ DMZ Restaurant menu


Value for money: 7.8 of 10


KR,
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June 14, 2014

Introduction to SEO (for real beginner)

Introduction to SEO (for real beginner).
Learn SEO from scratch.

I just started working a while ago, and one of my job is SEO (website and SEO is brand new for me).
Let me share what I found on the mighty Google!:


1. Introduction to SEO

After overwhelm with the Google result appear before me; hundreds of websites and articles (I start to lose concentration after reading one paragraph, haven't read anything for a long time lol), I start to back up and take my time.

I often disappointed with the result on Google search [Don't get me wrong, I admire Google, and the more I browse about it, the more i am lost in it's giant ocean of Google World.] When I google about SEO, my expectation is the first page of it is the ULTIMATE website that will give me light on what SEO; that did not happen.

What is Search Engine Optimization?
Reference:
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Search_engine_optimization
  • http://searchengineland.com/guide/what-is-seo
There are 3 key players: Company A, Target Market (Audience), and the Search Engine.

You are the Company A.
When you want to make a website: it is for the Target Market.
Then the Target Market will browse about your website on the Search Engine.
What the Audience who use the Search Engine is to find the answer to what they need.
What the good guy Search Engine wants is to give the Audience the best possible website to cover Audience needs -- the best on the first line of the first page.
That is why: What you want is your website to appear on the first page of Search Engine result page (SERP).
I like the story Searchengineland gave about search engine as librarian, we are the book author/publisher, and the people coming to library look for book by asking the librarian.
In order to get your absolute goal of someone go to your shop and buy your products/services, you need marketing offline (real actual world) and online (digital world of internet), you make the website with hope people find you in the internet. So the complicated task of promoting the website, and make sure more people open your web, like your products/services and then actually buy it -- it is called conversion (converting audience into buyer). The effort to get your web on first page of Search Engine is called Search Engine Optimization.

Lets get back on the Search Engine Result Page: mainly you can divide to 2: organic (not paid), and non organic (paid advertising such as Adword Google).

Therefore, the definition of Search engine optimization (SEO) by Wiki is:
"the process of affecting the visibility of a website or a web page in a search engine's "natural" or un-paid ("organic") search results."


2. Good SEO versus Bad SEO

Good SEO means following what Google suggests all over its media (Google blog, Google Youtube, Google Webmaster, etc), they call it White Hat SEO. The opposite is Black Hat SEO, and Google often mentions not to do Black Hat.
Wiki: "Black hat SEO attempts to improve rankings in ways that are disapproved of by the search engines, or involve deception."
In short, since you are not listening to Google and practicing Black Hat SEO - consequences gonna bite you badly!
Wiki: "One example was the February 2006 Google removal of both BMW Germany and Ricoh Germany for use of deceptive practices.[46] Both companies, however, quickly apologized, fixed the offending pages, and were restored to Google's list.[47]"


3. Implementing SEO

First of all:
Watch this video: SEO for startups in under 10 minutes by Google Webmasters (I watch a lot of Maile Ohye and Matts Cutts).
Summing up what Google says: The Company, Search Engine, and SEO target is to give the best experience for users, that answer their needs. As long as we first focus on delivering great content and technical aspect in good faith, following Google guideline --> End Users will like it and --> eventually promote it via all type of Social Media --> Next thing we know is more people visit, and if we have the Social Media: more likes and shares.. --> more people visits websites equals to higher stats of conversion (visitors becomes actual buyers).

Since it is just introduction, I won't go too much technical (I am beginner too anyway lol).

Next I will cover some of these details:
    • Facebook 1.28 Billion
    • G+ 540 Million
    • Twitter 255 Million
    • Instagram 200 Million
    • LinkedIn 187 Million
    • Pinterest 40 Million
    • Youtube 1 Billion+ total users
    • 6.7 Million+ people blog via blogging sites
I also find these three, but I have no patience to read haha, hope it enriches you:
  • http://www.seobook.com/seo-tools-for-2014
  • http://moz.com/beginners-guide-to-seo
  • http://moz.com/blog/the-8step-seo-strategy-step-1-define-your-target-audience-and-their-needs


Design and building a website is like an art. You have the nice guideline, but when you implement them, it all depend on you. Each time you build a website, the design, the story line, the choice of words, the technical behind it, will differ. That is the beauty of it!


KR,
+liveinrangoon
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June 04, 2014

E Commerce (Online Shop) in Myanmar

I found some online shops in Yangon on google. The websites are simple, not much items yet.
Internet is coming here, slowly, but sure. 4 years ago maybe you can count how many websites originally from Myanmar. Now? A lot.
E commerce is coming too. There are some big players and small players on the market.

There are 3 major types already here: selling from facebook, the online shops (one actual shop with one online shop), and something like ebay.
Note that ebay and friends have not able to deliver items to Myanmar, so some of these local online stores serve as middle man.
Items are normally imported from nearby countries like China and Thailand; some import from Korea and USA. Meanwhile, here are the two big challenges for them:

Payment
It is true that almost every payment here in Yangon (Myanmar) is cash. So when you pay your meal, its 1000 kyats note, and buy a computer is 500000 kyats of bank notes, same goes for buying a car and a house... make sure your giant bag full of bank notes has no holes...

For online shops targeting locals, mostly have no other options but cash on delivery. Some other type of businesses such as tour and travel has wider options of receiving payment via paypal (targeting foreigners).
Credit cards are coming, but it is not really easy to change the habit of people who don't even use any sort of card before (they don't use debit card here). I also rarely hear people transferring (wire) money via banks.

So far the online shops I saw are cash on delivery, pay 50% when order, wait 2 weeks, then pay the rest of the bill during collection.

Shipping
There is not much affordable - trustworthy shipping company yet. For individual seller, the buyer should visit the seller to order the items (because they have to pay the 50% instalment cash). Bigger sellers will hire a person to deliver the items to the buyers.

If you want to buy computer related items, you might want to visit https://www.facebook.com/Technoland/ . The shop has many branches and you can ask them to deliver the items to you (you need to pay delivery fee).

Here are some online shops in Yangon:
https://www.shop.com.mm/en/
www.kamyu.com.mm/ : from Rocket Internet. same with house.com.mm and ads.com.mm
www.dailymart.com.mm/

Reference:
http://www.forbes.com/sites/susancunningham/2014/04/21/yangon-online-delivers-amazon-ebay-and-apple-to-myanmar/

Updated 2016-03-19

KR,
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May 31, 2014

Review: Pizza Company, Dagon Centre (1), Yangon

It was my 3rd visit in Pizza company. One type of pizza that we always order: Hawaii with sausage, extra cheese and bacon. It was very nice with coca cola (make sure you choose coca cola refill).

What we ordered last time (2 people):
1. medium hawaii pizza extra cheese and bacon
2. bread stick
3. coca cola refill
Total ~18 USD


Decor: 8 of 10
Modern look, table setting is OK.

Ambiance & Music: 7.5 of 10
Instrument music. The restaurant is quite noisy that everyone is talking, but the good thing is it does not make your ears hurt for "pengap" (that is Indonesia word, couldnt find English. Basically it is the feeling when you are in very closed area, not much fresh air, and when people talking, the echo and feeling are like hurting your ears).
It is always too cold (for me) inside. So bring jacket if you cannot handle cold.

Service: 8.5 or 10
The staffs are very friendly and helpful. But it take quite long until your pizza arrive on your table (around 15-25 min).

Clean, Clear and Hygiene: 8.5 of 10
The food and plates looks clean for me; but the table is not 100% clean and free of smell.

Taste: 8 of 10
I like the bread stick and hawaii pizza. The other pizza we tried is not really suit my taste. Bread stick is too plain though,  and the cheese sauce not very tasty. I also like the meat stick.

Value for money: 7.5 of 10


Note:
To the management: Please provide extra cheese powder for the pizza!
ParmesanCheese


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Chat: person with more than 1 language

I am not expert in anything, this is just some fun posting.

Isn't it cool to be fluent in more than 1 language (your mother language)?

I just had a chat with a friend who is born Burmese, learn Chinese at age 6 and learn English at age 12. Now he is a fine Burmese speaker and can read Burmese character, fine Chinese speaker and can read Chinese character (well understand Chinese old idioms), and fine English speaker, and can read English character. Also speak Singlish (non formal English of Singaporean, believe me, is different with general English, they have their own "spelling" and "grammar"). All perfectly. So you see. When he is in English mode, you don't see him face to face, you will think he is an american. Same goes when he is in Chinese mode - you will think he is Chinese from china, and same for Burmese.
Means he is mastering something like 6 different dimensions: Chinese char and Chinese spoken (pinyin), Burmese char and Burmese spelling, English char and English spelling, singlish, the 4 languages has different grammar!
Where does he put all the dictionary (magic book) connecting these 3 languages and all dimensions?

It was interesting that, I was telling him my class got new Chinese teacher who "force" us to recite short poem (20 Chinese characters) written the pinyin. I came from small city, we did not study, lol. We were not trained to memorize things. I cannot remember the poem! (note: the poem not using conversation languages: the word and the wording).
While the kiddos can do it after re-read it a couple times.
I showed my friend the poem, he can recite it perfectly right after he read it!! Hol*sh**. Am I that stupid!
(well he said that young Burmese kids during his old time, were forced to memorize the whole 2 to 3 pages exact wording and order at school.. no wonder.. so much training; I am glad that it is not me (maybe, hahaha!)).

What more interesting is, a comment from him, he said he recalling the Chinese character, not the pinyin. While I am recalling the the pinyin (of course, it kills me each time trying to memorize the Chinese char, does it has line? straight line or bend? long bend or short? Dots? The dot is to the left or right, etc) and the tone on top of the char. So I tried to put them as an image rather than the sound (pinyin represent how to spell and what is the tone). That is a problem. I have to match the image to how it should sound correctly.
Moreover, that doesn't really work! So, I memorize the meaning too. And when I think about it, sometimes I memorize the meaning in English, sometimes in Indonesia language, and worse, sometimes I just memorize the meaning but forget what is the Chinese pinyin. LOL.

He also said that:
He remembers things differently: some phone number he remembers in Chinese, some in Burmese, some in English, (same thing goes with calculating numbers), some is the character (Chinese and Burmese) (image), some is the rhyme of saying it (sound). Normally he remembers it the way it origins.
He normally thinks in English, but in a meeting he can switch languages very easily.
He dreams in English.
To relate to some old idiom in similar cases happen, he thinks in Chinese.
There was one moment, a year after he started learning English, after watching so many English movies, the kid version of him had to write paragraph in class. Burmese and English grammars are very different, so he often confused what is the correct grammar. He said that there was voice of a woman in his head spelling the sentences he was going to write. If she spelled it fluently, that sentence was correct, if she didn't, it was wrong grammar. He said he thinks the woman sound is one of in the movie. So until now he is wondering things related that: Why? How? So on.
He also started debating: do people can only be logical (and critical thinking) after they invented language? Before language created, how do people think and deduct data? How about instinct?
How about people with disability of seeing, listening?

So, readers, if you find it interesting to discuss, or that you have the answers for above questions, I will be glad to listen!


Note: wiki said: mother language is: "A first language (also native language, mother tongue, arterial language, or L1) is the language(s) a person has learned from birth[1] or within the critical period, or that a person speaks the best and so is often the basis for sociolinguistic identity. In some countries, the terms native language or mother tongue refer to the language of one's ethnic group rather than one's first language.[2] Children brought up speaking more than one language can have more than one native language, and be bilingual.",
and goes a long reading regarding that (which of course, I do not read, hahaha). Does my friend has 3 mother languages (considering it is not defined how long "critical period" is)?.


KR,
+liveinrangoon
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May 24, 2014

Promote Your Business Online

Beside 'traditional' marketing and advertisement, promoting business in Yangon right now can be on 'online' world (internet). Only 3 years ago, only very little companies have website. Now? A lot! Especially travel agents..

Very basic step is to have a website, but without good IT background, you will need to pay someone / a company to make a good website for your company. 

You can also get the marketing and advertisement by paying some professional companies or paying some online companies for online ads.

Meanwhile, here are things you can do to promote your business online without paying anything (you can pay for the 'upgrade pro' though):

  1. Create a blog: You can create a blog and put details of your products/services and the current promotions, or turn your blog into a website
  2. Facebook account, Facebook page
  3. Twitter
  4. Linkedin
  5. Post your photos in Flickr, Instagram, Tumblr, Pinterest, etc
  6. Register your business in websites such as FoursquareUrbanspoon, Tripadvisor, Yelp, (also local online directories), etc
  7. Pinpoint your business address in google map, yahoo, bing, etc
  8. Last but certainly not least: GOOGLE
The world of google is... enormous...
Before, all I know about google is: google.com and gmail.com.
Recently I did some research, and I am lost in the middle of Google Ocean...


You can first create free email account so people can contact you from everywhere (for free. you need to pay if you do phone call), you can actually make free website with google site, register your business address in google map, create account in google plus and google + pages, verify your address in google map and link it with your google + (there are some steps of verification via postcard and phone call, and i am not sure if you can do it in Myanmar yet). Chat with you customer via Google Hangouts. You can also has google group to build an online community. Is that it?
No, no.. You have your website and blog? get it in the google analytics and google webmaster tools to monitor it.
Getting google apps for business allows you to have email with your own domain: so instead of infoHeloTeaShop@gmail.com, you can get info@HeloTeaShop.com --plus other interesting services.
A kind reminder is that before you start, make sure to have a solid business in mind, having a good logo, clear products and services line, be ready and responsive for what comes next on your platform (don't let your account goes cold). 
The next step is that you can have online payment through your website, since the infrastructure here start to allow it.

I don't put detailed list how to do each items (it will be too long), but I put the key words up there --you can easily google them. If you have questions, shoot it, hopefully I can help.


If you want the paid option: There are already some good software (website, mobile apps, online marketing) companies in Yangon. Some of the owners are from other countries; but most of the team members are local Burmese. You can google "web design company in yangon" to get some of the lists. You can visit their websites and check their portfolio.

Also, online world is border-less! You can buy a website from other countries too. Just that you need to be careful, if you are unlucky, you just pay but they don't deliver anything or what they give is not what you expect.

So. Good luck with your business. Let me know if you have something you want to put in my blog.


KR,
+liveinrangoon
LiveinRangoon Blog Table of Content

May 19, 2014

Breakfast in Mercury Review (locals spell it marjury)

It is located near junction of bo aung kyaw street and thein phyu road.
Just had breakfast here. 2 person: toshe, burmese style fried rice with beans and fried meats, shan khaswe, 1 milk tea. Total only 3.5 bucks ($ USD)!!!
First time eat here, but take home the food a couple times.

Open time: 6a - 5p.
Breakfast until noon, but some time favorite indian food like prata sold out at 8a.
Serve various burmese food and indian food: shan khaswe, briyani rice, various types of burmese noodle, various prata (I like to eat with sugar, you need to ask them to give you sugar because default the prata is with 3 type of kare, say to them: "theja"; 'the' - like english 'the' but spell with t instead of d (in Okell the 'e' is called weaken syllable), 'ja' - as in 'jakarta'), ovaltine, coffee, tea, milk tea (very sweet). Menu is written on the wall, but the shopkeeper can read it out for you when you ask it. Various canned drinks are available.

This is inside the restaurant:
Mercury Yangon

This is photo of the front of restaurant:
Mercury Yangon

The restaurant is located right across Arya Samaj Temple, this is across the restaurant:
Arya Samaj Temple Yangon

Favorites!

Mercury Yangon

Mercury Yangon

Mercury Yangon

Mercury Yangon

KR,
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May 18, 2014

Song: 我是一只小小鸟

So my teacher showed a video of chinese singers. All I remember was the lyric "wo shi yi zhi xiao xiao xiao xiao niao" (means I am a small bird).
Later I googled it, I found this nice video:



Watch the video here:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VFWYT1Bkn9U
Very good job, kid!
Video that we saw in class is this: Youtube 我是一只小小鸟 
Wǒ shì yī zhǐ xiǎo xiǎo xiǎo xiǎo niǎo Xiǎng yào fēi ya fēi què fēi yě fēi bù gāo Wǒ xún xúnmì mì xún xúnmì mì yīgè wēnnuǎn de huáibào Zhèyàng de yāoqiú suàn bù suàn tài gāo 
I am a very very small bird.I want to fly but I can't fly very high.I'm searching for a warm embrace, is this type of request too much?
Lyric
有时候我觉得自己像一只小小鸟
想要飞却怎么样也飞不高
也许有一天我栖上了枝头
却成为猎人的目标
我飞上了青天才发现自己
从此无依无靠
每次到了夜深人静的时候
我总是睡不着
我怀疑是不是只有我的明天没有变得更好
未来会怎样
究竟有谁会知道
幸福是否只是一种传说
我永远都找不到
我是一只小小小小鸟
想要飞呀飞却飞也飞不高
我寻寻觅觅寻寻觅觅一个温暖的怀抱
这样的要求算不算太高
我是一只小小小小鸟
想要飞呀飞却飞也飞不高
我寻寻觅觅寻寻觅觅一个温暖的怀抱
这样的要求算不算太高
所有知道我的名字的人呐
你们好不好
世界时如此的小
我们注定无处可逃
当我尝尽人情冷暖
当你决定为了你的理想燃烧
生活的压力与生命的尊严
哪一个重要
我是一只小小小小鸟
想要飞呀飞却飞也飞不高
我寻寻觅觅寻寻觅觅一个温暖的怀抱
这样的要求算不算太高
我是一只小小小小鸟
想要飞呀飞却飞也飞不高
我寻寻觅觅寻寻觅觅一个温暖的怀抱
这样的要求算不算太高

Pinyin
yǒu shíhòu wǒ juédé zìjǐ xiàng yī zhǐ xiǎo xiǎo niǎo
xiǎng yào fēi què zěnme yàng yě fēi bù gāo
yěxǔ yǒu yītiān wǒ qī shàngle zhī tóu
què chéngwéi lièrén de mùbiāo
wǒ fēi shàngle qīng tiāncái fāxiàn zìjǐ
cóngcǐ wú yī wú kào
měi cì dàole yèshēnrénjìng de shíhòu
wǒ zǒng shì shuì bùzháo
wǒ huáiyí shì bùshì zhǐyǒu wǒ de míngtiān méiyǒu biàn dé gèng hǎo
wèilái huì zěnyàng
jiùjìng yǒu shuí huì zhīdào
xìngfú shìfǒu zhǐshì yī zhǒng chuánshuō
wǒ yǒngyuǎn dōu zhǎobù dào
wǒ shì yī zhǐ xiǎo xiǎo xiǎo xiǎo niǎo
xiǎng yào fēi ya fēi què fēi yě fēi bù gāo
wǒ xún xúnmì mì xún xúnmì mì yīgè wēnnuǎn de huáibào
zhèyàng de yāoqiú suàn bù suàn tài gāo
wǒ shì yī zhǐ xiǎo xiǎo xiǎo xiǎo niǎo
xiǎng yào fēi ya fēi què fēi yě fēi bù gāo
wǒ xún xúnmì mì xún xúnmì mì yīgè wēnnuǎn de huáibào
zhèyàng de yāoqiú suàn bù suàn tài gāo
suǒyǒu zhīdào wǒ de míngzì de rén nà
nǐmen hǎo bù hǎo
shìjiè shí rúcǐ de xiǎo
wǒmen zhùdìng wú chù kě táo
dāng wǒ cháng jìn rénqíng lěngnuǎn
dāng nǐ juédìng wèile nǐ de lǐxiǎng ránshāo
shēnghuó de yālì yǔ shēngmìng de zūnyán
nǎ yīgè zhòngyào
wǒ shì yī zhǐ xiǎo xiǎo xiǎo xiǎo niǎo
xiǎng yào fēi ya fēi què fēi yě fēi bù gāo
wǒ xún xúnmì mì xún xúnmì mì yīgè wēnnuǎn de huáibào
zhèyàng de yāoqiú suàn bù suàn tài gāo
wǒ shì yī zhǐ xiǎo xiǎo xiǎo xiǎo niǎo
xiǎng yào fēi ya fēi què fēi yě fēi bù gāo
wǒ xún xúnmì mì xún xúnmì mì yīgè wēnnuǎn de huáibào
zhèyàng de yāoqiú suàn bù suàn tài gāo
 Translation
Sometimes I feel like a very small bird, I want to fly but I cant fly that high.
Perhaps one day I will roost on a branch but I will become a hunters target.
I flew over the clear blue sky to discover myself, from now on there is no one to rely on.
Every time at night while people are quiet I always cannot sleep.
I doubt whether or not my tomorrow will be any better. After all, how can the future have someone be aware.
Happiness whether or not it is a legend, I always can't find it.
I am a very very small bird. I want to fly but I can't fly very high.
I'm searching for a warm embrace, is this type of request too much? I am a small small bird.
I want to fly but I can't fly that high. Im searching for a warm embrace.
Is this type of request too much?
Everyone that knows my name, how are you?
This world is so small, we are doomed there is no where to escape it.
Let me sense the temperature change of human emotion, and let you decide for your thoughts to burn.
Life's pressure and dignity, which one is important?

Lyric and translation by www.jpopasia.com
Pinyin by Google Translate

May 17, 2014

Dota 2 The International 2014

It was a surprise that I found some people I know back then in the Dota 2 The International 2014!
Here is their profile: http://www.gosugamers.net/dota2/teams/7489-rex-regum-qeon
HFGL RRQ!!
Go Indonesia!!
:)

Dota (Defense of the Ancients)
First time I played it was about 5 years ago. Long time ago! In Indonesia a lot of people playing it LAN, each internet cafe had its own 'community'. Playing at home players would join battle net server, or go to garena.I played in garena and made a lot of good friends.
Normal dota is played 5 people versus 5 people (some players like to play 1 on 1). One game normally lasts 1 hour. Each team has their 'ancient' that they have to protect, located in the heart of their base. Team with their ancient destroyed first loses the game.
Players have their own dota application and manually download each map update. They play with players who have the same map version.
A lot of complaints regarding maphack (that opponent can see where you are) and leavers (people leave the game before finish).
Dota 2 by Steam
Started end of 2010, not much difference on the game play. No more complaint about maphack, and slowly solve problem of leavers by introducing MMR (Match Making Ranking dota 2 blog link) in 2013; MMR gives clear idea how to expect your unknown teammates, like: "oh MMR 2500, go support!", "oh MMR 5500, do whatever you want". The other differences with Dota are:
  • You can choose to play Ranked match (MMR related) or not Ranked match. If you play ranked match, your teammates and opponents normally have MMR close to you
  • Dota 2 will automatically choose who are your teammates and opponents, unless you already assign friends to be in your team; or that you play in "lobby". 
Dota 2 The International
This is the fourth tournament of dota 2: The International.
Last year the winner team (5 people) bring home $1,437,190 USD! (out of $2,874,380 USD)
Source: http://www.dota2.com/tournaments/international2013/mainevent/results/champions/
Current price The International 2014 = $9,422,053 USD*Source: http://www.dota2.com/international/compendium/I really wish to visit the tournament July 18-21, 2014 in SEATTLE, WA, USA! 

So, question! Is there any dota 2 community in Yangon?

Last Update*: June 14, 2014

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May 16, 2014

Pairing Samsung and Bose Headset

Finally!!

Mister, thank you for your post!

I had the same issue. On researching, I found that this mostly happens when you update your phone or change ROMS. I had flashed a new ROM on my Galaxy Note 2 N7100. I am providing the solution for the Galaxy Note 2 and Bose BT2. The same principle can be applied to any phone.
On the Phone : Remove the headset from paired devices. If you do not see a remove option, restart the phone and the device will go away from paired devices list.
On the headset : Slide the power to OFF and then to ON. Hold the Call and Volume down buttons together for 5 seconds. You will notice that the 2 lights(power and BT) in the headset flash off and on. The headset memory is now cleared
Pairing them again : Slide the power to OFF and then to ON. Turn on Bluetooth and scan for devices on the phone. Select the Bose BT2 and if it asks for a PIN use 0000.
You are back in the game.
Source:
http://www.helpowl.com/q/Bose/Bluetooth/Technical-Support/bose-bluetooth-worked-samsung-galaxy-3-samsung-update/254950

Other reference:
http://worldwide.bose.com/library/assets/pdf/guides/headphones/bluetooth_headset/en/owg_en_bluetooth_headset_series_2.pdf

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Learn Burmese by Ear

Highlight:

Yangon Burmese Class 2015 by John Okell and Justin Watkins of SOAS 11-22 May 2015 in Yangon, Monday through Friday.
Click here to submit application on Google Form.

It's been a while since I start listening to Burmese by Ear by Okell. Interesting title that encourage you to listen and mimic the recording, not to read the pdf. Especially because the romanization version is not nationally formal as in Chinese Pinyin in Chinese.
The recording and pdf are free: Burmese by Ear (http://www.soas.ac.uk/bbe/).

My local friend said that the language is a bit formal; in daily life, they don't use that much. The sentence is not complete like English Subject Verb Object, and the words are not very much categorized as noun, adjective, adverb, etc.

I was listening to the same track for a couple times before move to the next (each track is about 2 to 4 minutes). Later back to the before ones. So far it is important to listen sequently (the track file name has number to refer to the PDF file unit number). I really like the flow that it introduces the new words, grammar, pronunciation slowly. Furthermore, the new words are very useful for beginners.

I just finish Unit 1 (1.1 until 1.11) after a week, I can grasp the essence, but still cannot remember new words by hard. Remember that they have 'tones', so I also have to memorize the tones (I am so slow when it comes to memorizing things). So far I just learn the spoken Burmese. 


Let me share what I have in my notes:

Note 1: Compare Chinese to Burmese by Ear: (Also see Learning Burmese blog post)

1. Chinese Pinyin
Chinese is already very well organized. Each word itself has Pinyin that represents the chinese character into romanization version. Pinyin contains of (1) how to spell it - please not that how to spell each pinyin is also quite a challenge (2) what is the tone.
For example: (mother). Pinyin = , how to spell = ma, what is the tone = first tone.


2. Burmese no Pinyin

Burmese in the other hand does not has 'pinyin' yet. The spelling is varies. No formal info regarding 'tones' too.
For example: ေက်းဇူးတန္ပါတယ္။ (thank you). Some author version is cè-zù tin-ba-deh, some other is chei-zu tin-bar-te, etc. That way you never know how exactly to spell ေ, or က်း; and what is the tone. This is why it is important for learner (if only want to learn spoken Burmese): is to mimic the speaker instead of memorizing the various version of 'pinyin'.

However; Since we are familiar with a-z alphabet, we of course write it down in this alphabet.

For example: How to write romanization version of ေက်းဇူးတန္ပါတယ္။ (thank you), so the next time we refer to this 'pinyin' (because we haven't learnt how to read written Burmese). So what is the trick to be able to write romanization version nicely, so we won't to be confused in the future?
Let says you write in your note as "chei-zu tin-bar-te", after two months or three, how to recall whether chei is high tone or low tone, which 'e' is it? 'play' 'e' or 'and' 'e'? is it 'te' or 'de'? which 'e' again?? wait! is there really an 'i' in 'chei'??
So yes, we need to 'define' our study 'pinyin' to be able to correctly review our study.

Here I use Okell pinyin (later on I call it BBE - Burmese by Ear). After cross check with my local friend (I try to read Okell romanization randomly when my friend listen): it is agreed that BBE 'pinyin' is very well done.

3. Chinese Tones

Chinese has 4 tones:
  • ā (high tone),
  • á (rising tone),
  • ă (falling rising tone), and
  • à (falling tone).
Also has a "neutral" tone. Wikipedia has a very good summary of it (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinyin).

4. BBE Tones

BBE has 3 tones:
  • á (creaky high tone),
  • à (plain high tone),
  • (low tone),
  • Also has stopped syllable (-q) and 
  • reduced syllable (ă)
At first I found it difficult to remember; but then just see the 2 tones with sign (á and à) are high tone, and a without sign is low tone. This way I can review my note or BBE PDF easily.
Note that my friend still arguing whether Burmese has 3 tones. He said "We have a lot, but I don't know, man; I am not linguistic." LOL.
Note 2: BBE Pronunciation
Compare: plain T, aspirated T, and th-
For a lot of pronunciation, there 2 general categorization: "plain" and "aspirated" Such as Plain P " p- " and Aspirated P " p'- " (p with ', and spelled more like p+h): so BBE p'an will sound like phan. But some are more complex not only plain and aspirated. Let say "t":
  • Plain T " t- "
  • Aspirated T " t'- "
  • TH " th- "
If aspirated t is already spelled like th, what is " th " then?? Here is the different (after asking my friend to spell it several times):
  • toùn-deh means to be stupid (front section of tongue is parallel and touching the roof of mount, behind the front of teeth, not aspirated)
  • thoùn means three (sounds like when you say eight, tongue between teeth, not aspirated)
  • t'ain means to sit (tongue inside the mouth, aspirated)
Compare: ă, e, and eh
  • ă is called the weak syllable. mă-è-ba-bù (it's not hot)
  • e as the 'e' in 'hey' (lonely planet phrasebooks). è-deh-naw? (it's hot isn't it?)
  • eh as the 'e' in 'bet' (lonely planet phrasebooks)
Note 3: BBE Voicing Rule & Weakening
There are a lot of "pairing" (-deh vs -teh) and what BBE calls "weakening" when the words combined as phrases etc. Generally here are the keys:

-teh versus -deh (suffix for a word)

  • -teh is used when the word before it ends with -q,
    saq-teh (means spicy (for food), saq ends with 'q').
  • -deh is used when the word before it does not end with -q,
    pu-deh (means hot, pu ends with 'u').

  • -ba (polite tag), -zeh (tens), -dhălà (question tag), -daun (thousand), qweq (measure word for cup), caq (kyat, Burmese currency) is used when the word before it does not end with -q,.
  • -pa, -s'eh, -thălà, -t'aun, k'weq, jaq is used when the word before it ends with -q.
  • and so on...
"Weakening"
    Some combination will cause 'weakening', such as for a word end with -q. Here are some examples:
  • 100 = tiq (1, end with -q) + ya (100) => tăya (tiq gets weaken into tă),
  • # + measure word = 2 cups = hniq (2, end with -q) + k'weq => hnă-k'weq,
  • question tag deh+leh/la gets weaken into dhălà/thălà
  • and so on..
Note 4: How I study
I write in my notes exactly per unit (that is how I can remember things). My brain will access the unit, and there is the info I need. After finish 1 unit (1.1 until 1.11), I review all and organized them by these categories (also refer to the BBE PDF appendix):
  • Numbers and rules of numbers
  • Measure words (classifiers) and the rules
  • New words
  • Type of questions vs positive sentence vs positive answer vs negative answer
  • Pronunciation and tones rules
  • Type of suffix (Burmese has a lot of suffix at the end of noun, verb, etc)
  • Standard structure or grammar (phrase, sentence, etc)

*I summarize what I learn in this website: http://www.bamalearnburmese.com/. Hope it is helpful.


Last update: Jul 3, 2015
* = New

Note:
To be able to see Burmese font, I download it here: https://code.google.com/p/zawgyi/wiki/MyanmarFontDownload

***
We created website http://www.bamalearnburmese.com/ to learn Burmese from 0. It will include basic Burmese Script, audio, exercise, common phrases, mini dictionary, flash card app (click HERE to download the free offline Android app) and other mobile apps (coming soon). We will add new content and audio, so stay tuned!
Please send feedback / just say hi: hello@bamalearnburmese.com.

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